Wash avocado seed to remove any pulp. Using a very sharp knife you can cut off a
thin slice of the top and bottom of the seed, this speeds up the germination. Wrap in very damp paper towel. Place in a covered dish and put it in a dark
place for 2-4 weeks. Check in now and then to see if anything is happening. The
taproot is generally the first growth to merge from the seed. Once the root is
around 3 inches long plant your avocado following the potting method.
Another method to sprout the seed, remove the large seed from the center of the
fruit and wash
in water. For propagation purposes, the broad end of the seed is considered to
be the bottom. The pointed end is the top. Insert several toothpicks into the
sides of the seed. They should be placed about halfway up the pit. Then suspend
the seed in a glass of water. The bottom 1/4 of the seed should rest in
water. During this time
add water to maintain the initial water level. Occasionally dump out the water
and replace with fresh water. Place on a windowsill in good light. However, do
not leave in direct sunlight for long periods. In about two to three weeks, the
pit will start to crack. In another three to four weeks, a single root will
appear at the submerged end of the pit. In the next one to three weeks a stem
will start growing. When the root is two or three inches long and the stem is at
least an inch or two you will be ready to plant. If it doesn't sprout within 2 to 3 months, discard
the original avocado pit and begin another. As not all pits will grow we
recommend starting several pits at one time so you get at least one or more
Just plant the pit in the soil from the beginning. Carefully peel off the brown
seed coat of a fresh avocado pit and plant the seed in a 6-inch container (with
a drainage hole) filled with a rich, well draining potting soil. Leave about 1/
of the top of the seed protruding from the soil. Keep the soil moist but not
soggy. Do not allow soil to dry out. It can take a month or longer for the
avocado sprout to emerge using this method.
Potting for Growing Methods 1 and 2
Pot the seedling when the root system has become well developed; the roots
should be at least 2 to 3 inches long. Plant the white
taproot in dirt leaving the top "red sprout" and 1/3 of the upper seed
exposed. Position the seed in the center of the pot. A 6" plastic or clay pot is
suitable and please put some gravel in the bottom of the pot for drainage. A
good soil mix for avocados is: 1 part Coco Peat,
1 part perlite and 1 part sterilized potting soil. Pack the dirt well around the
seed. Keep the soil fairly wet for the first week. After that water as described
Repotting: Once the plants filled their pots up with healthy roots, they
should be potted in larger ones. Repotting should be done in the spring.
Bright indirect light is best for young avocado plants, direct sun will give
younger plants a
prefer moderate temperatures of 60 F to 80 F. Your plant can grow 4-5 feet tall
It's a good practice to mist the leaves of your avocado every few days if the
air in your home is very dry.
Spring is the best time for pruning. If you would like to prune
to keep it bushier pinch just the tip of the growing top when your plant is 1 foot tall.
Repeat the procedure when it has grown to 2 to 3 feet tall. This should give you
slower growing but very sturdy side branches. They don't always respond well to
Watering avocadoes correctly is critical to their success as a house
Avocados are very susceptible to root rot. Using too much water applied too
often means the soil will stay wet for long periods, causing the roots in the
waterlogged soil to begin to rot and die. With their roots gone the plants
wilt as if they are thirsty. These plants will not perk up when they're watered.
If the soil is kept soggy with water, then it contains no oxygen so the roots
won't function and will rot.
You want to use pots with drainage holes for the plants. No closed containers
please. When you water them the excess water in the saucer should be dumped so
it isn't absorbed back into the soil.
Again use a potting mix that allows good drainage The soil mix should be
light and porous not heavy. Watering from above is recommended. Water should be
added to the point that some comes out the drainage holes.
Another mistake in watering is to constantly give the plant small amounts of
water like an 8 ounce cupful. This will actually allow the rootball to dry out.
Fertilize every 2 weeks month during the spring and summer. In winter
fertilize just once every 6 weeks. Our Golden Harvest Natural Fertilizer
is great for your avocado plant!